Have you heard things like:
“Cannabis is great for glaucoma”. “Cannabis makes you more likely to commit a violent crime”. “Cannabis is great for pregnancy morning sickness”. “CBD oil can cure cancer.”
There is so much misinformation available about cannabis these days that it’s hard to separate fact and fiction.
Sadly, it’s cannabis’s illegal status in the U.S. (and in many other countries) that is partially to blame on its lack of research and reliable information. The stigmatism of marijuana doesn’t help either.
In October 2018, the San Diego Tribune reported, “The Drug Enforcement Agency currently lists marijuana as a Schedule 1 drug, meaning that it has no known medical use and a high potential for abuse.
‘But in a very narrow ruling, the Drug Enforcement Administration recently said that patients who suffer from two specific types of epilepsy could benefit from taking Epidiolex, a new anti-seizure medication derived from marijuana.”
Legalizing Medical Marijuana
What does the legalization of an anti-seizure medication containing marijuana have to do with cannabis and pregnancy?
It wasn’t until late 2018 that the Drug Enforcement Administration began taking marijuana’s medical benefits seriously enough. That’s more than 20 years after the first state (California) legalized marijuana for medicals reasons. You could say that the Drug Enforcement Administration is wearing some serious beer goggles on when it comes to marijuana.
Throw a pregnant woman and an unborn fetus into the mix, and things are bound to get even slipperier – just sayin’.
When it comes to medical marijuana and pregnancy, most doctors recommend women “Just say no.” (Sorry, but we had to throw ‘just say no’ in here somewhere.)
Yet, is cannabis use truly risky during a pregnancy? Or is there simply just not enough research to back up its safety yet? Is cannabis a real threat to pregnant and new mothers – or do we simply perceive cannabis as a commodity that should be easily given up just as an expecting mother would abstain from her daily glass of wine for nine months?
Which brings us back to our original question. Fact or fiction: using cannabis while pregnant or breastfeeding is totally safe? Unfortunately, like anything other cannabis-related topics, there aren’t any easy answers.
Pregnancy Cannabis Safety
Most doctors agree that using cannabis while pregnant is risky. Both the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (AJOG) and the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) report a long list of reasons why pregnant women shouldn’t use cannabis and the potential health risks it poses to the fetus (see below: Cannabis Pregnancy Outcomes).
Yet, part of the reason that these two organizations have drawn these conclusions is because there is a lack of research on the effects of cannabis on pregnant and nursing mothers (more on this later).
Since the legalization of cannabis in many states, there has been a spike of pregnant and new mothers using cannabis for a variety of health reasons. Women have been using cannabis for everything from nausea to anxiety to postpartum depression.
Does that mean that cannabis is safe to use during pregnancy? Not necessarily. Yet some women feel that cannabis might offer a safer solution to extreme medical conditions than, say — their doctor prescribing a Vicodin.
In 2017, Reuters published an article entitled, “Pot-smoking on the rise among U.S. pregnant women.” The article noted, “Across all age groups, marijuana use during pregnancy increased from 4 percent at the start of the study to 7 percent by the end.”
It also stated that marijuana is the, “most commonly used illegal drug during pregnancy.”
Effects of Cannabis During Pregnancy
Using cannabis while pregnant can produce a long list of both desirable and undesirable results.
One of the top reasons many women turn to cannabis to relieve the symptoms of pregnancy? It’s virtually impossible to overdose on marijuana — as opposed to many other drugs available for these symptoms.
Yet while a pregnant mother might not be able to overdose on marijuana, it might be possible for baby to.
In 2017, Newsweek reported that an 11-month-old baby in Colorado may have died due to a marijuana overdose.
While some doctors believed the death was caused by marijuana, others weren’t as certain.
Dr. Noah Kaufman was quoted in the article, saying to 9News, “There’s so many things that cause the problem that this poor baby had, that we’re not even close to saying it was definitively a marijuana overdose. Allergies can cause this. What if the kiddo was allergic to the carnauba wax, or whatever is in the gummy that’s not the marijuana?”
Benefits of Cannabis During Pregnancy
But what benefits could cannabis provide to pregnant and new mothers?
Again, there are few studies to reference. Much of the research available to doctors and patients is simply “word-of-mouth” studies that refer to anecdotal stories from women who used cannabis during or after their pregnancies.
Many pregnant women complain of a long list of unpleasant symptoms that range from uncomfortable to debilitating, including nausea, depression, anxiety and swollen breasts and ankles.
Some women claim that their symptoms were so uncomfortable that they would have done anything to ease the pain — and believe that cannabis was the best course of treatment.
Cannabis for Pregnancy Nausea
One of the most uncomfortable symptoms of pregnancy is nausea — or as it’s more commonly called, “morning sickness.”
The American Pregnancy Association states that more than 50 percent of women suffer from morning sickness and that it usually begins around week 6 of the pregnancy (though it may occur at any point during the pregnancy, it usually stops at week 12). This is usually due to an influx of hormones flooding the system.
Nausea can be a problem in its own right. Many women do not experience medical problems due to nausea, but excessive vomiting can become an issue if food cannot be kept in the stomach for long periods of time; it’s not common, but some women can experience slight malnutrition or dehydration.
Many doctors encourage patients not to self-medicate during pregnancy and to seek medical treatment instead. In some cases, a doctor may ask a patient to visit the hospital for an IV, prescribe over-the-counter anti-nausea or prescription nausea medication or even prescribe B-6 supplements. Some doctors even prescribe ginger to help fight nausea.
Yet according to WebMD, more and more women are self-medicating with marijuana for morning sickness. In fact, in a “study of more than 220,000 pregnancies from 2009 through 2016 found overall use at 5.3 percent in the first trimester. That number spiked to 11.3 percent for pregnant women with severe nausea and vomiting. Just over 8 percent of the women with mild nausea and vomiting used pot while pregnant.”
Cannabis for Depression and Anxiety
According to the Canadian Pediatric Society, “6 percent of women will experience depression at some point in their lives. This number increases to about 10 percent (1 in 10) for women who are pregnant.”
The reason for this spike in depression rates is due to the influx of hormones in the body during pregnancy. Many of the symptoms of depression include:
- Loss or increase of appetite
- Disruption of sleep patterns
- Feelings of despair
- Change in energy levels
Depression during pregnancy can be so difficult that many women feel like giving up. According to the Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADAA), “52 percent of women who have been pregnant reported increased anxiety or depression while pregnant, 32 percent reported a decrease in symptoms and 16 percent experienced no change.”
Many doctors also don’t recommend continuing antidepressant treatments while pregnant. The disruption of antidepressant treatment with the influx of hormones can increase the odds of depression in pregnant women. According to the Mayo Clinic, this can bring on risks of its own:
“If you have untreated depression, you might not seek optimal prenatal care or eat the healthy foods you and your baby need. Experiencing major depression during pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of premature birth, low birth weight, decreased fetal growth or other problems for the baby. Unstable depression during pregnancy also increases the risk of postpartum depression, early termination of breastfeeding and difficulty bonding with your baby.”
Alternatives Treatments to Cannabis
Many doctors disagree with patients who believe that cannabis is the best way to treat pregnancy symptoms. They claim that there are so many medicines available to treat these symptoms that have been tested and are deemed safe that cannabis is an unnecessary risk for both the mother and fetus.
Cannabis and Pregnancy Research
Let’s take a look at some of the studies and research available regarding cannabis use while pregnant. While most of the studies claim that marijuana hasn’t shown negative results in the fetuses of expecting mothers, it doesn’t mean it won’t have adverse effects down the road.
Lack of Cannabis Research
Before delving into the research available, it’s important to note the lack of research in the cannabis field regarding cannabis and pregnancy.
Thanks to cannabis’s illegal status in the U.S. (on a federal level at least) and in many countries, there just isn’t enough research to determine if the substance could be harmful to pregnant mothers, fetuses or babies.
While marijuana use in pregnant mothers continues to rise, the medical world simply can’t catch up fast enough. To determine the longterm effects of cannabis on a fetus, scientists must track that fetus throughout the duration of the child’s life span — all while monitoring possible benefits or threats the drug may or may not pose to the individual.
Yet even when it comes to the effects of cannabis on fully developed adults, the research just isn’t where it needs to be. There is considerable debate between researchers as to whether cannabis has any medical or health benefits, including curing and preventing cancer, easing anxiety and solving behavioral and attention disorders.
There’s even less research regarding cannabis and pregnancy available.
Cannabis and Pregnancy Studies
Luckily there is some research when it comes to cannabis and pregnant women. One such study was published by the NCBI that followed 59 Jamaican children. Half of the mothers of the children used marijuana while pregnant, and the other half did not.
According to the findings, “The results show no significant differences in developmental testing outcomes between children of marijuana-using and non-using mothers except at 30 days of age when the babies of users had more favourable scores on two clusters of the Brazelton Scales: autonomic stability and reflexes. The developmental scores at ages 4 and 5 years were significantly correlated to certain aspects of the home environment and to regularity of basic school (preschool) attendance.”
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention published a study in 2010. Their conclusion was:
“Women who report use of illicit drugs during pregnancy differ in demographic and socioeconomic background from nonusers. Reported cannabis use does not seem to be associated with low birth weight or preterm birth.”
Yet many experts believe that those findings don’t give expectant mothers the green light to go ahead and run to a dispensary. There’s another factor that pregnant women should take into consideration: THC levels.
THC and Pregnancy
Many doctors believe that THC might be a problem for fetuses. According to an article in Parents magazine, “The active ingredient in marijuana, THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), is capable of crossing the placenta, which means that the fetus could be exposed. In addition, it can also reach breast milk, a concern for women who nurse.”
The article cites Dr. Diana D. Ramos, M.D, of the ACOG, “It’s hard to fully understand the associated dangers, as some women who smoke it may also smoke cigarettes and/or drink. But because of the suggestion of a negative impact on the fetus, any use at all is simply not worth it.”
Possible Infant Health Risks and Cannabis
While there is some research that suggests that cannabis might not be as harmful to expectant mothers as one might expect, there are health risks involved with smoking marijuana that can’t be denied.
Some of the possible infant health risks include miscarriage, low birthweight, premature birth and detached placenta. Scientists believe that taking cannabis while pregnant could also be harmful as the child gets older. Behavioral problems and attention disorders have also been linked to cannabis in utero.
At the very least, smoking marijuana could be bad for the baby in the same way that smoking a cigarette could be harmful. Smoking can restrict oxygen to the lungs — and also restrict available oxygen to the fetus.
Cannabis Pregnancy Outcomes
Medically speaking, researchers believe the outcomes for women who take cannabis while pregnant could prove bleak. In addition to creating issues for the baby in utero, cannabis could affect fertility and cause problems for children as they age.
Cannabis and Pregnancy Problem No. 1: Stillbirth
Possibly one of the most feared outcomes of ingesting cannabis while pregnant is the possibility of stillbirth. While some doctors believe that cannabis could ultimately solve the problems many women face during pregnancy (nausea, depression and anxiety), many believe that cannabis use could be directly linked with stillbirth.
In a study performed by the AJOG (and reported on by NPR), the results were that marijuana use could be traced to neonatal morbidity or death.
Yet many researchers and studies have difficulty separating tobacco and marijuana use in pregnant women. In a study published on the NCBI’s website, “Adjusting for cotinine level reduced the stillbirth odds ratio for THCA by greater than 10 percent but adjusting for THCA did not reduce the stillbirth odds ratios for cotinine level. Thus, we cannot exclude the possibility that the association between cannabis and stillbirth is partially due to confounding by tobacco smoke. There was no evidence of confounding of the relationship between THCA and stillbirth by SGA fetus.”
Cannabis and Pregnancy Problem No. 2: Length and Weight
Doctors also believe that the length and weight of the baby (a typical indicator of health) might be affected by cannabis use.
The University of Buffalo reported, “infants who had been exposed to both tobacco and marijuana, especially into the third trimester, were smaller in length, weight and head size, and were more likely to be born earlier, compared to babies who were not exposed to anything. They also were more likely to be smaller in length and weight compared to babies exposed only to tobacco in the third trimester. The results were stronger for boys compared to girls.”
Again, the findings were linked to both tobacco use and marijuana, but researchers were unable to separate the two in studies.
Cannabis and Pregnancy Problem No. 3: Infertility
Cannabis has been linked to both male and female infertility — which seems impossible. Let’s face it: we have all known plenty of marijuana users find themselves unexpectedly pregnant.
Yet marijuana might loosen your inhibitions (and you’ll be more likely to partake in unprotected intercourse). Someone who is in their late teens and early 20s might not have problems with conception. Yet over time, cannabis use can compound and possibly create infertility problems by the time you’re ready to have a baby (let’s say, your mid-30s).
Researchers believe that marijuana, alcohol and other drugs might have an effect on the placenta and womb.
As many of us know, marijuana can also lead to “performance” issues, including arousal, erection and ejaculation. It may also lower sperm count and lead to abnormal swim patterns on the path to the egg.
Cannabis and Pregnancy Problem No. 4: Development
Cannabis use during pregnancy may also be linked to developmental issues as the child gets older. Many doctors believe that cannabis use in utero might cause behavioral problems and attention disorders. Some have even linked the drug to autism (which is ironic, considering it’s used to treat autism in many children).
Pregnancy and Cannabis Risks
In addition to the medical risks involved with taking cannabis while pregnant, there are also some legal risks. While taking marijuana while pregnant in a state where marijuana is legal isn’t illegal, it doesn’t mean that you’re free and clear to eat that brownie.
Cannabis and THC Drug Testing
THC can stay in your system for several months. This means that your fetus could potentially be affected by cannabis that you ingested or smoked long before you were pregnant. After the birth of your baby, the hospital will perform routine bloodwork on the infant — and THC could show up in those tests.
Doctors are also on the lookout for babies that exhibit symptoms of withdrawal or exposure to drugs. If a doctor suspects your baby could have THC in its system, he or she could potentially take a stool sample to determine if drug abuse is suspected.
Stigma of Cannabis While Pregnant
While the legal ramifications are enough to give plenty of parents pause regarding the risks of cannabis during pregnancy, the social stigmas could also be detrimental.
While it’s not uncommon to see a pregnant woman sipping a glass of wine in a restaurant in her second or third trimester, it’s considered taboo to smoke a cigarette or a marijuana while pregnant. Social stigmas are often enough for an expecting parent to agree to abstain from cannabis.
Cannabis Before Pregnancy and Cannabis After Pregnancy
Unfortunately, researchers say it’s just not enough to abstain from cannabis during pregnancy — but users must also consider the factors of smoking before and after pregnancy too.
Cannabis Before Pregnancy
Just as using cannabis during pregnancy is hotly debated, use of the substance before pregnancy comes with its own challenges. Many researchers agree that cannabis use can cause infertility issues or even cause uncomfortable withdrawal symptoms during unexpected pregnancies.
Cannabis Withdrawal and Pregnancy
While many scientists don’t believe that marijuana is addictive, many users experience difficulties when trying to quit cold turkey.
WebMD reported in 2008, “In a study of nearly 500 marijuana smokers who tried to kick the habit, about one-third resumed use to relieve or avoid withdrawal symptoms such as irritability and anxiety.”
The obvious course of action would be to slowly start weaning oneself off marijuana while trying to conceive.
Yet for many women, pregnancy isn’t always planned. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 49 percent of pregnancies were unplanned in 2006. And the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention believes that unplanned pregnancies can be riskier than planned ones.
“Unintended pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of problems for the mom and baby. If a pregnancy is not planned before conception, a woman may not be in optimal health for childbearing. For example, women with an unintended pregnancy could delay prenatal care that may affect the health of the baby.”
Conception and Conceiving and Cannabis
As stated before, many parents have trouble conceiving when using cannabis. Science has linked lower sperm counts, inability to maintain arousal and suboptimal womb conditions to cannabis use. Unfortunately, this research is somewhat inconclusive.
There’s also research that suggests that smoking marijuana could lead to anovulatory cycles (when the ovary fails to release an egg during ovulation each month). Yet most experts agree that casual marijuana use (say, once a week or once a month) didn’t affect the female cycle or hormones enough to cause concern.
Some studies also suggest that cannabis could negatively affect male testosterone levels. The NCBI reported:
“Chronic exposure of laboratory animals, such as rats, mice, and monkeys to marijuana and to the various cannabinoids in marijuana has altered the function of several of the accessory reproductive organs. Reports of reduced prostate and seminal vesicle weights, as well as altered testicular function, have been partially explained by the effect of marijuana in lowering serum testosterone needed for proper function and support.”
CBD Oil and Conception
Yet just because cannabis isn’t recommended while trying to conceive doesn’t mean that doctors don’t recommend CBD (cannabis’s newer, cooler, legal cousin). CBD might not have the negative side effects associated with cannabis because many CBD products don’t contain THC (the substance that can affect hormones).
Using CBD for anxiety might help with conception (as anxiety and stress are linked to some infertility issues). Unfortunately, CDB is still a relatively new product, so there hasn’t been much research to back this up.
Cannabis After Pregnancy
Just as cannabis use before and during pregnancy is discouraged by most doctors, it’s also often frowned upon after pregnancy as well. Yet that hasn’t stopped some moms from partaking in an edible or two. While many researchers believe that cannabis can be harmful to the baby while breastfeeding, others have used it for postpartum depression — with great success.
Can Cannabis Cure Postpartum Depression?
Postpartum depression is a disorder that affects women after childbirth. According to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), “After childbirth, the levels of hormones (estrogen and progesterone) in a woman’s body quickly drop. This leads to chemical changes in her brain that may trigger mood swings. In addition, many mothers are unable to get the rest they need to fully recover from giving birth. Constant sleep deprivation can lead to physical discomfort and exhaustion, which can contribute to the symptoms of postpartum depression.”
The Illinois Department of Public Health states that 10 to 20 percent of women suffer from postpartum depression — yet the numbers may be higher as many women don’t seek help or even know that their symptoms are caused by this disorder.
One of the drugs commonly prescribed to new moms is Prozac. Yet many moms complain about the side effects of the drug, including loss of motor control and fatigue.
According to the Mayo Clinic, “Untreated postpartum depression can last for months or longer, sometimes becoming a chronic depressive disorder. Even when treated, postpartum depression increases a woman’s risk of future episodes of major depression.”
Cannabis: An Alternative to Prozac?
When you’re dealing with a disorder that can last for months or years of your life, you don’t want to deal with side effects, such as loss of motor functions for that length of time, too.
Many new moms have turned to cannabis as an alternative to Prozac and other pharmaceuticals commonly prescribed for postpartum depression.
Good Housekeeping magazine reported on a woman, Celia Behar, in August 2017 about the struggles of postpartum depression.
Behar was quoted as saying, “What it feels like to me is that in that time of my life, I was living in black and white. And when I started using cannabis, it felt like living in Technicolor. Even just getting sleep changed the anxiety. Everything shifted. I didn’t feel high. I wasn’t stoned. I just felt leveled out and even.”
While the use of cannabis for medical reasons is legalized in 23 states, none of those states have legalized the drug for postpartum depression.
Breastfeeding With Cannabis
It’s important to note that Behar was not breastfeeding when she began taking cannabis for her depression. While many women have found success with cannabis for curing postpartum depression, doctors state that it’s not safe to use cannabis while breastfeeding.
In August 2018, the Chicago Tribune reported on a study that THC can be passed from mother to baby by way of breast milk. The article cited a study at the University of California, San Diego.
“Lab testing found small amounts of THC, the psychoactive chemical that causes marijuana’s ‘high,’ in 34 of 54 samples up to six days after they were provided. Another form of THC and cannabidiol, a pot chemical touted by some as a health aid, were detected in five samples.”
The study authors said, ‘it is reasonable to speculate’ that exposing infants to THC or cannabidiol “could influence normal brain development,” depending on dose and timing.
Pumping and Dumping
Pumping and dumping is a common phrase used by nursing mothers after partaking in alcohol or caffeine consumption. After drinking, the mother pumps her breastmilk and disposes of it — as the alcohol has transferred into said milk.
Unfortunately, pumping and dumping doesn’t work with cannabis because the drug can stay in the system longer than alcohol. According to Denver Public Health, “Because THC is stored in body fat it stays in your body for a long time. This means that ‘pumping and dumping’ your breast milk will not work the same way it does with alcohol. Alcohol is not stored in fat and leaves the body faster than marijuana.”
Cannabis and Mastitis
One final note on cannabis and breastfeeding: some new mothers have been using cannabis to cure mastitis — or a blocked duct in the breast.
While doctors don’t recommend using cannabis while breastfeeding, some claim that CBD oil can help clear the clogged ducts.
In an article that appeared in The Atlantic in March 2018, a woman claimed that CBD oil helped to clear her mastitis.
“I felt mastitis coming on, so I just nursed a lot and rubbed some CBD pain relief oil onto my breast and it was all-clear the next day,” she was quoted.
As you might expect, a large variety of CBD products have “suddenly” hit the market, aimed at new mothers. Everything from sprays to oils to edibles are marketed toward new moms — and the daily struggles new parents often face.
Cannabis Exposure During Pregnancy
In addition to pregnant women worrying about partaking in cannabis during pregnancy, they may also need to be concerned about secondhand smoke during pregnancy. Just as secondhand tobacco smoke can be harmful to a fetus, scientists and doctors say that secondhand marijuana smoke needs to be avoided as well.
Cannabis Secondhand Smoke
According to the American Pregnancy Association, “If you are exposed to second-hand smoke during pregnancy, both you and your baby are put at risk.”
The CNN article referenced earlier states, “smoking marijuana or inhaling its secondhand smoke — since some amount of THC, just like alcohol, can pass into the baby that way.”
According to the NCBI, “Tetrahydrocannabinol metabolites are retained in the body upward of 4 hours, and people report the experience of psychoactive effects after exposure to second-hand smoke. On a molecular level, marijuana smoke has chemical components similar to those of tobacco smoke, although they are present in different amounts. Although this provides support for the biological plausibility of the relation between exposure to second-hand marijuana smoke and negative health outcomes, there is a gap in the literature in this area.”
Essentially, the NCBI believes that secondhand marijuana smoke is bad — but they don’t know how bad or what the possible effects could be.
Cannabis and the Non-Pregnant Partner
So, what does this mean for fathers, partners and other members of the household?
According to an article on the Today Show, “A dad’s preconception behavior can also have long lasting effects on his offspring. In recent years, researchers have discovered evidence that a host of lifestyle factors can impact sperm, including stress, overeating, drug abuse and heavy drinking.”
Meaning that both biological parents can impact the fetus’s well-being and lifestyle choices.
The American Pregnancy Association also believes that the father’s health could impact the fetus, and drugs and other medications could possibly affect fertility levels.
U.S. News & World Report reported, “secondhand smoke from pot might be just as hazardous for children’s developing bodies and minds.”
The article cited the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in saying, “secondhand smoke in kids causes ear infections; more frequent and severe asthma attacks; respiratory symptoms such as sneezing, coughing and shortness of breath; bronchitis; pneumonia and a higher risk for sudden infant death syndrome.”
All of this can be just as detrimental to a fetus as it would a fully formed child.
Forms of Cannabis During Pregnancy
Cannabis comes in many forms. Unfortunately, doctors advise expecting and new mothers to abstain from all forms of marijuana. Everything from teas to tinctures is off the table when it comes to baby. Doctors advise against partaking in the following forms of cannabis during pregnancy and breastfeeding:
- Cannabis teas
- Cannabis tinctures
- Cannabis vaporizers
- Cannabis edibles
- Cannabis fumes and secondhand smoke
Again, many women have experienced great results with using cannabis teas, tinctures and edibles to treat postpartum depression; yet, it’s important to note that these women abstained from using marijuana while breastfeeding.
CBD During Pregnancy
Doctors also advise pregnant and breastfeeding women to abstain from using CBD (in its many forms, including tinctures, patches, edibles and oils). While many women use CBD oil with great results, there is so little research regarding CBD oil and its effect on the fetus and baby that many doctors claim that it’s just not worth the risk.
Hemp Products During Pregnancy
What about other hemp products, such as hemp seed oil and lotions?
Luckily, hemp seed oil does not contain any THC, so you should be in the clear if you want to use it while pregnant (we know, finally something you can do!). Yet, you should always consult your doctor before introducing a product to your body that could affect your fetus or baby.
If you do get the all-clear from your doctor, you’ll be in for a treat. Many pregnant women claim that hemp seed oil has near-magical effects on their hair and skin health. Hemp seed oil comes in the form of oils and lotions. Food grade hemp seed oil can be used in cooking.This brings us back to our original question: is it safe for pregnant and breastfeeding mothers to use cannabis?
Our “professional” opinion? Somewhere between “maybe” and “meh.”
And we are firm believers in waiting for an opinion slightly better than “meh” before using a substance that could affect your baby’s health.
When it comes to using any product while pregnant or breastfeeding, women should consider their bodies’ reactions to certain substances and follow their doctor’s and/or naturopath’s advice. Most doctors agree that pregnant and new parents should abstain from using any product containing THC — and couples trying to conceive should abstain from these products as well.
Until there is more research and evidence proving the effects that THC and cannabis have on the body of an expecting mother, fetus or baby, it’s simply not worth the risk.
The good news is that the legalization of cannabis grows closer each year. With the legalization of cannabis in Canada, many experts predict the U.S. is not far behind. The closer we get to the legalization of marijuana, there will be more studies available for researchers to understand the long-term effects of the drug.
Women who have found relief in cannabis through trial and error can rest easy knowing that future generations won’t need to be guinea pigs to find alternatives to harsh pharmaceuticals that tote adverse side effects. And someday we will know for sure — one way or another — the fact and fiction behind cannabis and pregnancy.
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